YEREVAN, August 7. /ARKA/. Turkey is cautious about a military alliance with Azerbaijan, since it doesn’t want to provoke any confrontation with Russia, Artak Shakaryan, a specialist in Turkish studies, said Thursday at a news conference.
“Turkey is very cautious in everything related to Russia, since it understands very well that even ‘NATO’s umbrella’ can’t shield it in the event of a clash between the two countries, he said. “That is why Ankara, understanding that Baku’s any mistake may involve Turkey in conflict with Russia, is not quick in striking an alliance with Azerbaijan.”
Shakaryan said that the study of Turkey’s internal and foreign policies gives grounds for stating that there is still fear of the Treaty of Sevres in the country.
“And this plays a major part in Turkey’s policy, especially after 1945, when Stalin demanded Western Armenia and Georgia’s territories insisting that Kars and Moscow treaties had not been so just,” the expert said.
Turks also understand that if things in the region change, specially taking into account what happened with Crimea, Russia will lay claim to Western Armenia and Georgia’s territories again, demanding at least Ararat and Kars.
Shakaryan also pointed out Turkey’s complete satisfaction with the current relations with Baku as another reason not to enter into an alliance with it. Besides, Ankara has no any clear idea of what will be advantage of a military alliance with Azerbaijan.
Under the Sevres Treaty, Armenia was given a large part of the region – 100,000 square kilometres, including the Black Sea port city of Trabzon. However, things took an unexpected twist - while the treaty was under discussion, the Turkish national movement under Mustafa Kemal Pasha split with the monarchy based in Constantinople, and set up a Turkish Grand National Assembly in Ankara in April 1920. On October 18, the government of Damat Ferid Pasha was replaced by a provisional ministry. Eventually, Mustafa Kemal succeeded in his fight for Turkish independence and forced the former wartime allies to return to the negotiating table.
This culminated in 1923 in the Treaty of Lausanne, which replaced the Treaty of Sèvres and restored large territory in Anatolia and Thrace to the Turks. --0---