YEREVAN, February 12. /Novosti-Armenia/. Armenia is the leader in the region and the second among CIS countries in the 2014 Press Freedom Index released by Reporters without Borders.
In general, among 180 countries, Armenia placed the 78th (74th in 2013). Georgia is the 84th (100th in 2013) and Azerbaijan 160th (156th in 2013).
According to the Index, Moldova is the leading country among CIS (56th). Kyrgyzstan is 97th, Tajikistan 115th, Ukraine 127th, Russia 148th, Belarus 157th, Kazakhstan 161st, Uzbekistan 166th and Turkmenistan 178th.
The same four countries – Moldova, Georgia, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan, lead among CIS countries in this year ranking as last year.
“The World Press Freedom Index is a reference tool that is based on seven criteria: the level of abuses, the extent of pluralism, media independence, the environment and self-censorship, the legislative framework, transparency and infrastructure,” said Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire.
The report says elections were held in Georgia and Armenia in a quieter atmosphere in 2013 than previously.
Cases of violence against reporters were fewer. State audiovisual election campaign recorded a big success in terms of unbiased approaches, but the election period escalated the war between private mass media, a war where the authorities have whip-hand, the experts say.
Turkey is the 154th and Iran 173rd in the Index.
The same trio of Finland, Netherlands and Norway heads the index again, while Turkmenistan, North Korea and Eritrea continue to be the biggest information black holes, again occupying the last three positions.
The 2014 Reporters Without Borders World Press Freedom Index spotlights major declines in media freedom in such varied countries as the United States, Central African Republic and Guatemala and, on the other hand, marked improvements in Ecuador, Bolivia and South Africa.
Reporters Without Borders head of research Lucie Morillon said: “This year, the ranking of some countries, including democracies, has been impacted by an overly broad and abusive interpretation of the concept of national security protection.
“In the United States (46th, -13), the hunt for leaks and whistleblowers serves as a warning to those thinking of satisfying a public interest need for information about the imperial prerogatives assumed by the world’s leading power. The United Kingdom (33rd, -3) has followed in the US wake, distinguishing itself by its harassment of The Guardian”, says the report. –0--