YEREVAN, November 1. /ARKA/. A poll carried out at the end of December 2012 showed 50% of Armenians would leave their home country if they had an opportunity, director of the Institute for Political and Sociological Consulting (IPSC) Samvel Manukyan said.
The survey was conducted by the IPSC funded by Armenia’s government and aimed at finding out the Quality of Life Index, Manukyan told a press conference Thursday.
The survey also showed the scope of migration cannot be reduced if the current economy and industry level is maintained.
The reasons for migration are particularly the income gap, lack of confidence in justice and legal protection in the country, low public involvement and, hence, no-confidence in authorities, Manukyan said.
The migration may be reduced only if these problems are solved, the expert said.
Member of ARF Dashnaktsutiun parliament faction Artsvik Minasyan, in his turn, presented his party’s program entitled “We’ll be living in our country” envisaging measures to reduce migration.
According to Minasyan, there are four main reasons for migration from Armenia, i.e. unemployment, lack of fair remuneration system, no-confidence in justice and uncertainty.
The program of Dashnaktsutiun anticipates 11 directions of changes in economic and social fields, HR policies, the systems of security and justice. It consists of three stages – short-term, mid and long term. The program consists of 94 key measures and will cost 120 billion drams, Minasyan said.
After the program was made public, the government adopted some measures related to use of agricultural land and introduction of joint public service payment system, he added.
Under the program a special body should be set up not only to follow up the reforms, but to constantly informing the society about achievements and shortcomings.
The deputy said his party envisages creating 200,000 jobs over 3 years using import substitution, as compared to 100,000 new jobs in the next five years under the government program.
The deputy stressed the government is obliged to provide jobs to demobs in 6-12 months and support them in setting up a small or a medium business.
Minasyan urged the mass media to be unbiased and cover difficulties migrants are facing.
“The only thing making it difficult for us to implement the program is the public distrust and unwillingness to get involved in it”, the member of parliament said.
According to ArmStat, Armenia’s population declined by 15,000 by July 1 2013 from the beginning of the year. Negative migration balance exceeds the birth rate, with the latter being 1.3-times as high as mortality in January-June, according to the statistics. Number of permanent residents was 3,011,900 in Armenia, including 1,904,400 living in towns. –0--