YEREVAN, April 29. / ARKA /. According to demographer Aram Vartikyan, who spoke today at a conference on migration in the globalized world in Yerevan, the migration rate in Armenia is a little over 3% which is comparable with the global rate. He, however, added that it does not mean that there is no reason for concern.
The bulk of Armenians leaving for other countries are labor migrants and the most popular destination is the Russian Federation. The reason is that they do not visa for visiting Russia and besides they are fluent in the Russian language.
According to a survey conducted in January - September in 2011 and 2012 by the Caucasus Resources Research Center (CRRC) in Armenia’s urban and rural areas, when asked what country they would prefer to leave for to work 80 % named Russia and only 9% named European countries.
Only 6 % of respondents left Armenia for other countries to get education and only 7% of them could confirm it by certificates or other documents. Some 35% of respondents said they did not gain skills while staying outside their home country.
Some 18% of respondents reported negative experiences of working abroad, related to language or other type of discrimination, and 1% reported cases of violence used against them. However, despite this, 68% of respondents said they were ready to leave for abroad as labor migrants.
According to official figures, Armenia’s population as of January 1, 2014, decreased by 9,500 people, compared with the beginning of the previous year. Its permanent population stood at 3, 017,400 people, of which 1.9 million lived in urban areas and the rest in rural areas.
According to Armenia’s electronic system of border control, around 5 million people entered and left the country in 2013, by almost half a million more than in 2012. The number of arrivals and departures was almost equal. 0-